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Nonpoint pollution and urban stormwater management

  • 434 Pages
  • 2.10 MB
  • English

Technomic Pub. Co. , Lancaster
Nonpoint source pollution., Urban runoff -- Manage
Statementedited by Vladimir Novotny.
SeriesWater quality management library ;, v. 9
ContributionsNovotny, Vladimir, 1938-
LC ClassificationsTD424.8 .N66 1995
The Physical Object
Paginationxv, 434 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL817051M
ISBN 101566763053
LC Control Number95061552

Non Point Pollution and Urban Stormwater Management, Volume IX (Water Quality Management Library) [Vladimir Novotny] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Directions of diffuse pollution research and Best Management Practices are evolving, and effective and affordable methods of control are being developed to handle the abatement of toxic pollutants Author: Vladimir Novotny.

ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xv, pages: illustrations ; 24 cm. Contents: Introduction / Vladimir Novotny and Laszlo Somlyody --Basic concepts / Vladimir Novotny and Harvey Olem --Hydrologic aspects of nonpoint pollution / Vladimir Novotny --Erosion and soil loss / Vladimir Novotny --Soil pollution and its mitigation: impact of land use changes on.

Return to Urban Runoff: This guidance helps citizens and municipalities in urban areas protect bodies of water from polluted runoff that can result from everyday activities.

These scientifically sound techniques are the best practices known today. The guidance will also help states to implement their nonpoint source control programs and municipalities to implement their Phase II Storm Water Permit Programs. The Nonpoint pollution and urban stormwater management book developed the stormwater manual to help local government officials, urban planners, developers and contractors understand urban nonpoint-source water pollution.

The manual contains detailed information about best management practices (BMPs) that can be used to protect lakes, streams and groundwater from stormwater-related pollution.

Through this case study, students will become familiar with urban stormwater management planning concepts; understand how spatial databases and GIS analysis can be applied to address non-point source pollution problems; understand a linear programming formulation of a least-cost stormwater management problem; gain experience using a spreadsheet Cited by: 2.

significantly contributes to flooding, sediment deposition, erosion, non-point source pollution and stream channel instability. Stormwater should be considered a resource that provides benefits such as groundwater recharge, which maintains flows in streams.

Stormwater management also reduces the frequency and severity of flooding. National Management Measures to Control Nonpoint Source Pollution from Urban Areas. United States Environmental Protection Agency Office of Water Washington, DC (F) EPAB November Measures to Control Nonpoint Source Pollution from Urban Areas.

pollution. Urban Stormwater Management Rebecca Leonardson Rui Teles Brooke Ray Smith.

Details Nonpoint pollution and urban stormwater management FB2

Introduction Stormwater in Portugal Why urban stormwater is currently a Reduces pollution of streams and water supply Creates habitat and enhances ecosystem function Improves landscape beauty of a town. The Urban Nonpoint Source & Storm Water (UNPS&SW) Management Grant Program offers competitive grants to local governments for the control of pollution from diffuse urban sources that is carried by storm water runoff.

Download a PDF of "Urban Stormwater Management in the United States" by the National Research Council for free. Committee on Reducing Stormwater Discharge Contributions to Water Pollution. regulatory framework for addressing sewage and industrial wastes is not well suited to the more difficult problem of stormwater discharges.

This book. Nonpoint pollution and urban stormwater management book   The research of urban NPS pollution began in the s–s in developed countries, and subsequently a set of models and management systems based on the rainfall runoff characteristics and pollution load emerged.

Storm water runoff discharge laws have been established in the USA, which requested that measures be taken during certain. Stormwater runoff, which may contain fertilizers and pesticides, soil lost from construction sites, and oil residue washed off streets, is NPS pollution.

This type of pollution is much more difficult to pinpoint and control. The Northern Virginia Soil and Water Conservation District identifies five types of nonpoint source (NPS) pollution. These areas contribute to nonpoint source pollution through "stormwater runoff from impervious surfaces and from exposed soil on construction sites." Urban nonpoint sources may generate credits through "urban storm water management or home sewage treatment system upgrades that go beyond what is required by law.".

"Presents and compares all major stormwater/runoff control strategies ; New data on pollutant removal efficiencies, design, costs, environmental impacts and more ; Where and why to use the best techniques for limiting/monitoring diffuse pollution ; Provides the tools to meet regulations and improve water quality in urban/suburban watersheds"--From publisher's description.5/5(1).

In urban areas, stormwater management is especially important because of decreases in natural land cover and the expansion of impervious surfaces, such as rooftops, sidewalks and roadways.

These surfaces exacerbate runoff because they change the permeability of the landscape — preventing rainwater from soaking in or infiltrating the soil. Urban Stormwater Management in the United States (Water Infrastructure) [National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Water Science and Technology Board, Committee on Reducing Stormwater Discharge Contributions to Water Pollution] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Urban Stormwater Management in the United States (Water Infrastructure)Reviews: 2. Urban nonpoint source pollution Nonpoint source pollution, or polluted runoff, has many sources, including urban areas.

Because most urban areas include such impervious surfaces as roads, building roofs and parking lots, rainfall and other precipitation have a more difficult time soaking into the ground. The field of stormwater management has experienced exponential innovation over the last decade.

Unlike the treatment technologies implemented to address point source pollution, nonpoint source pollution controls have no universally agreed upon maintenance protocols. Watershed-scale nonpoint source (NPS) pollution models have become important tools to understand, evaluate, and predict the negative impacts of NPS pollution on water quality.

Today, there are many NPS models available for users. However, different types of models possess different form and structure as well as complexity of computation.

It is difficult for users to select an appropriate model. Nonpoint source pollution control and stormwater management are two objectives in managing mixed land use watersheds like those in New Jersey.

Various best management practices (BMPs) have been developed and implemented to achieve both objectives. This study assesses the cost-effectiveness of selected BMPs for agricultural nonpoint source pollution control and stormwater management in.

Nonpoint Source (NPS) Pollution Management Many activities associated with various land uses within Connecticut have the potential to contribute pollution to ground and surface water resources. Water pollution that is not concentrated within a drainage system, or discharged from a point, such as a pipe, is called nonpoint source pollution.

Download Nonpoint pollution and urban stormwater management PDF

As a major source of urban non-point source (NPS) pollution, stormwater runoff contains high concentrations of biological pollutants that are directly related to disease outbreaks, aquatic. MassDEP uses the federal Clean Water Act to define nonpoint source pollution and recommend ways to control it.

Under the provisions of the Clean Water Act, MassDEP has developed the Nonpoint Source Management Program Plan, an integrated strategy for preventing, controlling, and reducing nonpoint source pollution in the Commonwealth.

A nonpoint source of pollution is any pollution entering a waterbody that does not come directly from a pipe. Through control of pollutant sources for all waterbodies, DEQ's goal is to meet water quality standards that protect human health and aquatic life.

ated with nonpoint source pollution. Polluted runoff from the land is called nonpoint source (NPS) pollution. It occurs when rain or snowmelt flows over land as runoff, or through the ground as groundwater, picks up pollu-tants,and eventually discharges to a body of water. Urban and suburban land uses, construction, forestry, septic.

Urban land use. In our urban areas rainfall run-off as stormwater is one of the major nonpoint sources of pollution impacting the water quality of our waterways and bays. Stormwater from street surfaces is often contaminated with car oil, dust and the faeces of animals and soil and sediment run-off from construction sites, and in industrial.

Overview; LID; Ordinances; Additional Resources; The term low impact development (LID) refers to systems and practices that use or mimic natural processes that result in the infiltration, evapotranspiration or use of stormwater in order to protect water quality and associated aquatic habitat.

EPA currently uses the term green infrastructure to refer to the management of wet weather flows. @article{osti_, title = {Pollution from nonpoint sources}, author = {Humenik, F J and Smolen, M D and Dressing, S A}, abstractNote = {Efforts to protect water from nonpoint source pollution are underway, but much remains to be done.

Recent water quality evaluations and landmark legislation place nonpoint source (NPS) control programs at a pivotal point. Nonpoint source pollution can generally be defined as the pollution caused by rainfall or snowmelt moving over and through the ground. As water moves over or through the soil, it picks up and carries away natural and man-made pollutants finally depositing them in lakes, rivers, wetlands, coastal waters and ground waters.

Description Nonpoint pollution and urban stormwater management PDF

Nonpoint source (NPS) pollution is pollution resulting from many diffuse sources, in direct contrast to point source pollution which results from a single source. Nonpoint source pollution generally results from land runoff, precipitation, atmospheric deposition, drainage, seepage, or hydrological modification (rainfall and snowmelt) where tracing pollution back to a single source is difficult.

Novotny, V., Comparative Assessment of Pollution Loadings from Non-point Sources in Urban Land Use, paper presented at the 9th Conference of IAWPR, Stockholm, Sweden, JuneProgress in Water Technology, Pergamon Press, Vol.

10, No. 5/6, pp. Storm water ponds can be modified to improve how they work. Altering a pond’s riser can change how it releases water.

Additionally, wetland plants can be planted in strips along the banks of storm water ponds to maximize nonpoint source pollution filtration and absorb some storm water. Swale. A swale is very similar to a rain garden.source pollution. Impairments caused by point source pollution are decreasing, while those caused by nonpoint sources are increasing.

Based on results from state wide surveys, the Ohio EPA asserts that nonpoint source impacts, such as: “ urban storm water.